In northern Germany lie the North and Baltic Sea and the Kingdom of Denmark. In eastern Germany are the countries of Poland and the Czech Republic. Southern Germany are the countries Austria and Switzerland. West Germany are the countries of France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. The total area of Germany is 357,021 square kilometers. The vast majority of Germany has warm summers and cold winters. In June 2013, Germany had 80.6 million inhabitants. After the USA, Germany is the second most popular country for migration worldwide.
Before Germany’s name was Germania. In the years 900 to 1806 Germany was part of the Holy Roman Empire. From 1949 to 1990 Germany consisted of two countries, the Federal Republic of Germany (inf. West Germany) and the GDR (inf. During this time, the capital Berlin was divided into a western and an eastern part. On August 13, 1961, East Germany began building the Berlin Wall between the two parts of Berlin. West Germany was one of the countries that founded the European Union.